Ukusetyenziswa okungazinziyo kwevidiyo ekwi-Intanethi

Imifanekiso engamanyala iyonakalisa indalo

I-Porn iyonakalisa imeko-bume. Ukubukela iphonografi kwihlabathi liphela kubanga i-0.2% yazo zonke izinto ezikhutshwa yindlu eluhlaza. Oko kunokuba kungavakali ngathi kuninzi, kodwa oku kulingana ne-80 yezigidi zeetoni zecarbon dioxide, okanye kangako njengoko kukhutshwa yindlu yonke eFrance.

NgoJulayi 2019 iqela elikhokelwa nguMaxime Efoui-Hess kwi-Shift Project eParis yapapasha umsebenzi wokuqala ophambili ojonga ukusetyenziswa kwamandla kwevidiyo ekwi-Intanethi. Benze imeko eneenkcukacha zombane osetyenzisiweyo ukuhambisa iividiyo ezingamanyala kubathengi. ISiseko soMvuzo sancedisa ukuzisa eli bali kwihlabathi ngoJulayi 2019.

Ke, bafumana ntoni?

Iividiyo ezibonisa amanyala kwi-Intanethi zibonisa i-27 yeevidiyo ezikwi-Intanethi, i-16% yokuhamba kweenkcukacha ngokupheleleyo kunye ne-5% yokukhutshelwa kwerhasi yeGreenhouse ngenxa yetekhnoloji yedijithali.

Iphonografi yonakalisa imeko-bume yeProjekthi yeShift

Ukubukela iphonografi kubaluleke kakhulu, kuyalinganiselwa ukuba negalelo ekutshintsheni kwemozulu. Ke ngoku sinokucingisisa ngakumbi ngombuzo…. "Ngaba ukubukela iphonografi kufanelekile?"

Le vidiyo ishwankathela impendulo yeProjekthi ye-Shift… Le vidiyo, yona ngokwayo ekhupha iigesi zokugcina ukushisa (i-avareji engaphantsi kwe-10 gram ye CO2 ngokubukela), yenzelwe uluntu ngokubanzi. Ijolise ekwenzeni impembelelo yobume bendawo yethekhnoloji yidijithali ukuba ibonakale, ngelixa ingabonakali mihla le. Ividiyo ikwabalaselisa iziphumo zokusetyenziswa kwedijithali kutshintsho lwemozulu kunye nokudodobala kwezixhobo.

Ityala elisebenzayo: iphonografi

Kuqala, masijonge umbono weShift weprojekthi yomfanekiso omkhulu.

Ukujonga ividiyo kwi-intanethi umele i-60% yezothutho lwehlabathi. Ngexesha le-2018 ivelise ngaphezulu kwe-300 Mt ye-CO2. Umzekelo, olo luphawu lwekhabhoni oluthelekiswa nezinto ezikhutshwayo eSpain.

Imifanekiso engamanyala 27%
Ukuhanjiswa kwedatha ekwi-intanethi kuhamba phakathi kokusetyenziswa okwahlukileyo ngo-2018 emhlabeni
(Imvelaphi yeProjekthi yeShift 2019)

Umcimbi wempembelelo yoononografi kuluntu luphawu olubalulekileyo loxinzelelo olucacisa impikiswano malunga nokusetyenziswa kwinqanaba loluntu. Ingxoxo-mpikiswano eye yahlala ingundaba-mlonyeni kumahlakani ahlukeneyo kumashumi aliqela eminyaka, iphonografi ibisisihloko sophando lwezentlalontle olujolise ekuqondeni iziphumo. Ukunyuka kwamaqonga amatsha osasaza imixholo yamanyala (Gauthier, 2018), baguqule ukusetyenziswa kwephonografi ngokufikelela kuyo nayiphi na i-smartphone, kubandakanya abantwana nolutsha, kulula kwaye simahla.

Iimbono zeengcali

Indlela yethu yayikukudibanisa izimvo zeengcali ngeziphumo zentlalo ezichongiweyo kwimixholo yevidiyo ye-intanethi. Ngokucacileyo, injongo ayikokuzenza udibanise kwimihlathi embalwa ubunzima bempikiswano ehlala iminyaka eliqela. Endaweni yoko kubandakanya ukuseka imibuzo ephakanyiswe luphononongo lobungakanani bezinto ezahlukeneyo zokusebenzisa ukubona ukuba iphonografi iyenzakalisa na imeko-bume.

Ukuqwalaselwa okuqaqanjisiweyo apha akuhambelani nokunikezela ubungqina bokuba kukho isiphumo esibi okanye hayi. Nangona kunjalo, bavumela ukubonakaliswa kweendlela zokwenza izigqibo kwezopolitiko ezithathela ingqalelo umngcipheko onxulunyaniswa nezi ziphumo zokuchaswa.

Iziphumo zoluntu kusasazo kunye nokwamkelwa komxholo wevidiyo ye-porn

Enye yeengxaki ezichaziweyo malunga nefuthe lokusebenzisa iphonografi kwinqanaba loluntu yinto yokutshintsha kwemilinganiselo. Umkhwa uye waqwalaselwa ekwandiseni ubundlobongela kumxholo ojongiweyo. Oku kukhokelela kwiziphumo eziyingozi kwisini somntu ngamnye kunye nokuqonda kwabo ubudlelwane bomzimba, kubandakanya imeko yokusetyenziswa ngamanye amaxesha (Solano, 2018; Muracciole, 2019). Le nto ichukunyiswe kukufumaneka kwazo zonke iintlobo zemixholo engamanyala- kubandakanya eyona inogonyamelo- kuququzelelwa kukufika kwamaqonga evidiyo akwi-intanethi (Gauthier, 2018).

Ilogo yeProjekthi yeShift
Ukusasaza kwi-intanethi

Impembelelo yokuba uhlobo lweTyhubhu losasazo lwendlela yokujonga imifanekiso engamanyala kwi-Intanethi inokuba ngumcimbi kwinqanaba loluntu lwethu. Umxholo usasazekile ngokwendlela yokuhlelwa ngokwamahlelo "okunelebhile" yomthengi (indima yamagama aphambili), ngokusekwe kwimodeli esetyenziselwa ukwahlula iimveliso zenkcubeko kuluntu ngokubanzi. Nangona kunjalo, olu luhlu lunokwenzeka kuphela ngokubekwa komgangatho ngokwawo kwaye ke, ngenxa yohlobo lwemveliso yamanyala, ngokubeka emgangathweni abalinganiswa kunye neemeko ezichaziweyo, kuba icandelo ngalinye kufuneka lakhiwe ngokweenkcukacha ezichongiweyo ngokulula. Ngokumalunga nokubekwa emgangathweni kokumelwa kwabantu kunye nobudlelwane babantu, iingcali ngalo mbandela zibonisa ukuba iphakamisa umbuzo wendima edlalwe yimixholo yamanyala ekuprinteni ii-caricature zentlalo kunye nokubonakaliswa kokungalingani kubameli (Muracciole, 2019).

Ukuhanjiswa kwevidiyo kuthetha ukuba yonke into engamanyala iyonakalisa imeko-bume

Ukuxabisa iimpembelelo zoluntu ekusetyenzisweni kwevidiyo yamanyala, kubalulekile ukubandakanya zonke iintlobo zomxholo ekubonakaliseni kwethu, ngakumbi ezo zibanga ukuba zizibophelele kwaye ziyenye (iphonografi ebanga ukuba ilwela amalungelo abantu, ikhuthaza iyantlukwano, umxholo ungabonisi ukumelwa isibini, njl.). Umbuzo wovavanyo oluchanekileyo lweziphumo ezilungileyo zezi ndlela zimbi ziwela ngaphandle komda wale ngxelo xa kusenziwa isigqibo sokuba iphonografi iyenzakalisa na imeko-bume.

Endaweni yoko, sigxininisa isidingo sokuthathela ingqalelo iimpembelelo zosasazo kumandla okutshintsha kweenguqu ekusetyenzisweni: umthamo weziqulatho owenziwe wafumaneka kwiqonga levidiyo kwi-intanethi zikhulu ngokwaneleyo ukuba zinokuchaphazela imeko yenguquko yokusetyenziswa komgangatho omkhulu. Kuyimfuneko ke ngoko ukuba uqonde indima edlalwe kuyilo lwamaqonga kunye nokufumanisa indawo apho imodeli ephambili-umxholo osemgangathweni oshishinayo-unika indawo yokuqulathiweyo kokunye umxholo (Vaton, 2018).

Iziphumo zoluntu kwimveliso yevidiyo ekwi-intanethi engamanyala

Njengako konke ukusetyenziswa kwevidiyo, inqanaba lokuvelisa umxholo linxulunyaniswa nelo losasazo kunye nolwamkelo. Umzekelo, ukujongwa okwenziwe kutshintsho lwesiqhelo malunga nobundlobongela bemixholo kujongwe ukuba kube nefuthe kwimveliso yeziqulatho. Ukonyuka kobundlobongela bezenzo ezijongwe ngumthengi kukhokelela kukonyuka kobundlobongela kwizenzo ngexesha lokudutyulwa kweevidiyo kunye neefilimu. Umbuzo wobundlobongela obunyamezelwayo kwezi nkqubo zemveliso ngokuxhomekeke kwisakhelo sezomthetho ke ngoko uphakanyiswa ngabathathi-nxaxheba kwingxoxo mpikiswano (Muracciole, 2019).

Amaqonga amatsha osasazo avumela ukuveliswa nokwabelana ngomxholo ngabantu babucala kumaziko abucala. Eli thuba litsha linokuthatha inxaxheba ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba lokwahlukahlukana kwezimvo ngokuphuma ngaphandle kwesakhelo esimiselweyo seshishini lamanyala. Nangona kunjalo kubalulekile ukubuza ulwabiwo lwabiwo lokwenene ngabantu babucala imixholo kunye nokumelwa ngaphakathi kwintengiso ikakhulu elawulwa ngamaqela emizi mveliso akhoyo.

Ulwakhiwo lokusetyenziswa kwamanyala

UCatherine Solano, ugqirha wezesondo, uqaphele "iminyaka eliqela, ukuba kwinani elikhulu lamadoda, ukuphulula amalungu esini akuhlukani noonografi" (Solano, 2018). Ukusetyenziswa koononografi kunye nokubonwa kwevidiyo ye-intanethi ye-intanethi ngoku ihambelana nokusetyenziswa okulawulwa yindlela yokuzenzekelayo yokuqonda, evumela ukwenza imali ngokufanelekileyo kweemveliso ezicetywayo. Namhlanje, ukukhula koqoqosho ekubukeni iividiyo zoononografi ezikwi-Intanethi ke ngoko kwakhiwe kwindibaniselwano yokuqonda ebangelwa ziindlela zentengiso zecandelo: umanyano lokusebenzisa iphonografi ngesenzo sokwabelana ngesondo (URoussilhe, 2019).

Isiphumo sokubangela

Ukubona umzimba oze ze kusebenze ukuqala kokuphendula okuzenzekelayo kwingqondo okuvusa umdla onxulunyaniswa nokubuyela kwimeko yokuvela kwakhona (Solano, 2018). Kuba siyazi ukuba iindlela zethu zokuqonda zibamba umkhethe, obizwa ngokuba "sisiphumo sokuqalisa", esenza i-inertia kwinkqubo yethu yokucinga30 (UMarcinkowski, 2019), sinokuqonda ukuba isini esikwisiqulatho kuluntu ngokubanzi sazisa ukusebenzisa iphonografi ngendlela ebanzi Impembelelo: evezwe kwimixholo yezesondo kuluntu ngokubanzi (intengiso, iiklip zevidiyo, njl.njl.), Abantu bazifumana bekwimeko yokuphinda bacele iindawo zobuchopho babo ezinxulumene nomnqweno womzimba. Oku ke kuyakubangela ukusetyenziswa komntu kuhlobo olunye lokucela, kubandakanya nokusetyenziswa kwamanyala (Roussilhe, 2019) ezenziwa ngokukhethekileyo kusetyenziswa amaqonga osasazo akwi-Intanethi, umxholo wolu hlalutyo.

Ke, siyabona, kwakhona, ukuba ezi zinto zisetyenzisiweyo zakhiwa ngokweqela elingenakuhoywa: uyilo lwenkqubo ehambisa ulwazi kwizinga elikhulu ithatha inxaxheba ngokupheleleyo kwinkcazo yokusetyenziswa kweevidiyo ezibonisa amanyala kwi-Intanethi. Ngoku sinendlela yokubonisa ukuba iphonografi iyayonakalisa imeko-bume.

Ucaphulo

IGauthier, UG (2018). Uludwe lwe-porno. I-Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. N ° 100. Matshi 2018.

UMarcinkowski, J. (2019, ama-20 eemars). ICaractérisation, ulwakhiwo kunye nokuqiniswa okunokubakho kokusebenzisa ividiyo. (M. Efoui-Hess, Udliwanondlebe)

UMuracciole, M. (2019, 22 mars). I-pornographie dans les usages vidéo en ligne. (M. Efoui-Hess, Udliwanondlebe)

IRoussilhe, G. (2019). ICaractérisation, ulwakhiwo kunye nokuqiniswa okunokubakho kokusebenzisa ividiyo. (M. Efoui-Hess, Udliwanondlebe)

USolano, C. (2018, eyeNkanga). IMalades du porno. Uludwe lwe-porno. I-Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, iphepha 90-93.

IVaton, M. (2018, eyeNkanga). Entretien avec Ovidie. Uludwe lwe-porno. I-Les Hors-Série de L'OBS. n ° 100, iphepha 76-79.

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